Exhibit Overview

Fraunhofer Space Virtual Satellite – Competences of the Fraunhofer Space Alliance

Fraunhofer Space Alliance

The Virtual Satellite provides a comprehensive overview of the space-specific competences of the Fraunhofer Space Alliance. This idealized satellite contains numerous technologies and components of the Alliance’s 18 member institutes. Apart from the satellite, nanosatellite ERNST, environmental influences like solar flares and space debris as well as terrestrial competences are presented.

Fraunhofer Space Mission Wall

Fraunhofer Space Alliance

Applied Research for Industrial Space Technology

Bringing together the competences of 15 Fraunhofer Institutes, the Fraunhofer Space Alliance conducts applied research in the field of industrial space technology. The sheer technological variety of the participating institutes enables the Fraunhofer Space Alliance to offer its customers a unique range of services. The Mission Wall gives an overview of all Space Missions with participation of one or more members of the Fraunhofer Space Alliance.

Compact, Single frequency Lasers and components for Space

Fraunhofer Centre for Applied Photonics CAP

Frequency-stabilised laser sources for optical clocks and interferometers

Pulsed lasers and Single Photon Avalanche Detectors for ranging, imaging and communications

Photon sources for communication including quantum key distribution

Atom sensors (inertial sensing and magnetometers)

Ultra-Fast Laser Inscribed devices and components for compact and lightweight designs

Fibre lasers, distributed fibre optic sensors, waveguide lasers & devices

Photonic Systems for Space Applications

Fraunhofer Centre for Applied Photonics CAP

Cold atom interferometry:

Increase in sensitivity offered by interference of matter rather than optical waves

Markets include: Geo surveying, Earth observation, Navigation.

Environmental Sensing:

Design, build and testing of a range of advanced Lidar systems including investigation into the feasibility of quantum

Lidar devices. Coherent wind Lidar and single photon imaging Lidar.


Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics, Ernst-Mach-Institut EMI

Fraunhofer EMI currently designs, integrates and tests the 12U nanosatellite platform ERNST (Experimental spacecRaft based on NanoSatellite Technology). ERNST is compliant to CubeSat requirements and the spacecraft bus is based on demonstrated CubeSat components where possible. The main objective of ERNST is to evaluate the utility of a 12U nanosatellite mission for scientific and military purposes. Possible civil applications: climate research, fire detection, determining temperatures on earth surfaces.


Optical Bench

Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics, Ernst-Mach-Institut EMI

Multidisciplinary Design optimized optical bench of the ERNST nanosatellite. The component integrates multiple payloads and is design optimized with combining both vibrational and thermal response objectives into a Multidisciplinary Design Optimization model. The sinus- and random response of the component against vibrational excitation from the launch system has been significantly improved. Simultaneously, the thermal compliance has been reduced and the radiator was structurally integrated into the optical mounting system to improve the efficiency of heat transport. The Additive Manufacturing has been carried out on an EOS M400 system in the aluminum alloy AlSi10Mg.


German Experimental Space Surveillance and Tracking Radar (GESTRA)

Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques FHR

Partly stationary quasi-monostatic pulsed phased-array radar operating in the L-band

Surveillance in orbital heights of 300 km to 3000 km

Digital beamforming for search and track modes

Remote operation by the Space Situational Awareness Center (Uedem, Germany)

Conformed with the ECSS standards for space standardisation

Improved Sensitivity with Cryogenic Phased Array Radars

Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques FHR

Development of Suitable Measuring Environments in form of temperature controlled 4 K Dewar Systems

Research on Measuring Technologies (e.g. Noise Temperature), Components and Material Behaviors for 4 Kelvin

Developing and Design Prototypes of Cryogenic Array-Receivers

TIRA Mission support from launch to re-entry

Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques FHR

Launch and early orbit phase support to ensure a smooth start of the satellite´s mission in orbit

Damage and malfunction analyses to check the satellite´s integrity and attitude

Small-size space debris population assessment to support the satellites mission in a safe environment

High-precision orbit determination to support collision-risk-assessment and to improve re-entry predictions

TIRA – Tracking and Imaging Radar for Space Observation

Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques FHR

A 34-m and 240-ton parabolic antenna with outstanding rotation speed of 24°/s and covered by a 47,5 m radome

The Tracking Radar is a coherent, high power narrowband, pulsed radar able to detect and track a 2 cm sized particle at a distance of 1000 km

The Imaging Radar is a coherent, broadband, pulsed radar for high-resolution satellite imaging

Technologies for Satellite IoT/M2M

Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS

Direct transmission of sensor data via satellite

Self contained

Deployable “as is”

Randomized, uncoordinated medium access

Energy efficient

Very low duty cycle operation

Wake-up periodic or on demand

Battery or solar powered


Optimized bill-of-material

Small footprint

Up to millions of messages per day

Radiation Qualification for Space Applications

Fraunhofer Institute for Technological Trend Analysis INT

Fraunhofer INT investigates the effects of ionizing radiation on electronic, opto-electronic, and photonic components and systems. INT operates the most comprehensive set of irradiation facilities in Europe and can simulate almost any type of radiation, energy and radiation effect relevant in space. In addition, INT advises companies regarding radiation qualification and radiation hardening.

Radiation Effects on different materials

Fraunhofer Institute for Technological Trend Analysis INT

Fraunhofer INT started a series of irradiation tests with everyday materials in order to illustrate, how gammaradiation affects them. The respective dose rates of radiation range from the common background radiation in Germany to human-lethal dose rates and even to very high dose rates encountered only in accelerators such as the LHC at CERN in Geneva. The samples show the importance of radiation testing of materials for satellites before sending them into space.

Compensation of atmospheric turbulence and static aberrations

Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF

Universal AO-Box that fits your telescope for

Quantum free space links

Laser communication

Optical feeder links

Deformable Mirrors (DM)

Stable aberration compensation for space telescopes

DM with mechanical freeform design for next level optics

Extreme Adaptive Optics DM for European Extremely Large Telescope

Ultra-precise metal mirrors for highresolution applications

Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF

Aspherical and freeform mirrors

Single and double mirror substrates on-axis and off-axis

Aluminum alloy with NiP plating

Technology chain SPDT | MRF | CMP

Parameters after polishing

Shape deviation smaller than 15 nm RMS | 100 nm PV

Roughness smaller than 0.5 nm RMS (WLI) | 0.3 nm RMS (AFM)


Fraunhofer Institute for Surface Engineering and Thin Films IST

New coating and finishing processes for CFRP-based components (TRL 9)

Titanium parts for space applications, electroplated with precious metals


Fraunhofer Institute for Surface Engineering and Thin Films IST

Multilayer optical filters on glass or polymers

Narrow-Bandpass filters, edge filters

Large area dielectric multilayer beam splitter coating with low wave front error

High glossy mirror from CFRP



Space Tech Expo 2019

19.11.2019 - 21.11.2019

Booth G41

MESSE BREMEN, Halle 4 & 5
WFB Wirtschaftsförderung Bremen GmbH
Findorffstrasse 101
28215 Bremen